The Landscapes of Palestine

The New Testament tells the story of Jesus as a man on the move. He spends much of his ministry travelling from place to place, moving frequently from Galilee, in the north of Israel, to Jerusalem, 65 miles / 105 km to the south, in Judaea. The key events of the New Testament unfold in the context of these numerous journeys across four very different landscapes of Palestine (see Map 1 and Fig. 1):

Map 1  Landscapes of Palestine

Map of Palestine

 Cross section of Palestine

Fig. 1  Simplified cross-section 


Each of these four landscapes features in the New Testament journeys:

The Central Highlands

Jesus of Nazareth is born at Bethlehem in the hill country of Judaea. He is brought up in the hills of Galilee at Nazareth and – as a child – goes up to Jerusalem in the Central Highlands each year for the Passover festival (see Luke 2:4, 39 & 41-43).

Central Hill Country 

The Central Hill Country of Galilee (Luke 2:4)

The Jordan Valley

John the Baptist challenges people to change their lifestyle at Bethany in the Jordan Valley. Jesus is baptised in the River Jordan and moves to Capernaum – a fishing port on the Sea of Galilee – where he recruits his first disciples and establishes the main base for his ministry (see John 1:26-36, Matthew 3:13-17 & Mark 1:14-21).

Looking across the Jordan Valley

The Jordan Valley near Deganya (Matthew 3:13)

The Mediterranean Coastal Plain

After the birth of Jesus, Mary and Joseph flee across the Mediterranean coastal plain to Egypt to escape the murderous wrath of Herod the Great. During his ministry, Jesus visits the Mediterranean coastal towns of Tyre and Sidon. Later, Peter has a vision beside the Mediterranean Sea at Joppa, and agrees to meet a centurion at the Roman port of Caesarea (see Matthew 2:13-15, Mark 7:24-31 & Acts 10:1-48).

Coastal Plain near Tel Aviv 

The Coastal Plain near Joppa (Acts 9:36)

The Eastern Plateau

Jesus travels with his disciples to the source of the River Jordan near Caesarea Philippi where he is transformed before their eyes on the summit of Mount Hermon (see Matthew 17:1-8). Paul climbs the Golan Heights and journeys across the Eastern Plateau towards Damascus, where he sees a blinding light and hears the risen Lord Jesus saying to him, “Why are you persecuting me?”(Acts 9:4).


The Eastern Plateau rising above the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Mark 5:1)

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