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Photos  (N.B. This index is under construction)

  1.  The World of the New Testament Journeys 

The Central Hill Country of Galilee (Luke 2:4)

The Jordan Valley near Deganya (Matthew 3:13)

The Coastal Plain near Joppa (Acts 9:36)

The Eastern Plateau rising above the eastern shore of the Sea of Galilee (Mark 5:1)

The Judaean Wilderness near Masada (Matthew 3:1)

Jerusalem from the Mount of Olives (Luke 22:39)

A modern Sukka in New Hampshire (oseh shalom)

Blowing the Shofar on Rosh Hashanah (slgckgc)

Purim performance at the Jewish Theatre in Warszawa, Poland (Kotoviski)

Rome - where Mark's Gospel was written in c.62AD (Colossians 4:10)

Philippi - the home of Luke who wrote his Gospel in c.62-63AD (2 Timothy 4:11)

Galilee - the home of Matthew who wrote his Gospel in c.70-80AD (Matthew 9:9)

Ephesus - where John's Gospel was written c.85AD (Revelation 2:1)

William Tyndale's translation of John's Gospel (British Library)

  1.  John the Baptist's Journeys                                                 

The only surviving remnant of the Jewish Temple where Zechariah served is the Western Wall (Luke 1:5)

Church of the Visitation, En Kerem (Dan Lundberg)

The Judaean Desert at Qumran (Matthew 3:1)

The River Jordan emerges from springs at Banias (Luke 3:3)

John the Baptist (Matthew 3:4) (Bartolomeo Veneto, 1470-1531)

Remains of an ancient baptismal site at Bethany beyond the Jordan  (Jean Housen)

Decorated wall in Herod's Palace at Masada

Roman seige fort below the summit of Herod's palace at Masada

St Antony's Monastery in the Eastern Desert of Egypt

  1.  Jesus's Childhood Journeys 

Church of the Annunciation in Nazareth (Luke 1:26)

A star marks the place where Jesus was born in Bethlehem in 5 or 6BC (Luke 2:4)

Interior of the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem

"And the glory of the Lord shone round about them” (Luke 2:9)

The Shepherds’ Fields outside the village of Beit Sahur near Bethlehem

Mary with the infant Jesus - Mosaic at the Church of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (Luke 2:22)

The Tower of Phasael in Jerusalem is a remnant of King Herod's palace  (EdoM)

The Church of St Sergius in Cairo stands where the holy family is believed to have rested in Egypt (Matthew 2:13)

Courtyard of a typical 1st century house at Qasrin (Matthew 2:23)

A street in Sepphoris (Diocaesarea) (Carole Raddato)

Colonnaded porticoes on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem (Luke 2:46)

  1.  Jesus’s Journeys around Galilee 

The Judaean Desert near Masada (Mark 1:12)

The south east corner of the the Temple Mount, Jerusalem (Matthew 4:5)

St Bartholomew's Chapel, Kafr Kana (Cana) (John 21:2)

Jewish synagogue in Galilee  (Luke 4:14)

Samaritans marking Passover on Mount Gerizim (Edward Kaprov)

Remains of the Samaritan Temple on Mount Gerizim  (Daniel)

Black basalt blocks form the base of the synagogue at Capernaum  (Luke 7:5)

The Church of the Beatitudes, near En Tabgha  (Matthew 5:1)

Blessed are those who hunger and thirst after honesty (Matthew 5:6)

7th century Byzantine oil lamps, St Peter's Castle, Bodrum

The roof of a 4th century house at Ancient Qasrin

Reconstructed houses at Ancient Qasrin

Rocky ground in the Judaean hills  (Mark 4:5)

Fishing boat on the Sea of Galilee  (Mark 4:36)

The territory of Gerasa  (Mark 5:1)

A Hillside in Galilee (Mark 6:6)

  1.  Jesus’s Journeys beyond Galilee 

Remains of the Pool of Bethesda, Jerusalem  (John 5:1)

The Lord's Prayer, Pater Noster Church, Jerusalem  (Luke 11:1)

"He will baptise you with the Holy Spirit and fire."  (Matthew 3:11.)

Mosaic of the loaves and fishes at En Tabgha  (Mark 6:38)

The Sea of Galilee near Ein Gev  (Mark 6:45)

The Mediterranean Coast of Israel  (Mark 7:31)

Temple to Pan at Caesarea Philippi  (Mark 8:27)

Jesus's clothes become dazzling white on the slopes of Mount Hermon  (Mark 9:3)

Remains of 1st century houses in Capernaum  (Mark 9:33)

Courtyard colonnades on the Temple Mount  (John 7:14)

The Light of the World (William Holman Hunt)

The Upper Pool of Siloam and entrance to Hezekiah's Tunnel (Tamar Hayardeni)

Remains of the Lower Pool of Siloam in Jerusalem (Markbarnes)

The Valley of Hinnom ('Gehenna'), Jerusalem  (Mark 9:43)

Beside the road from Jerusalem down to Jericho  (Luke 10:30)

The Gentile territory of the Gerasenes, where pigs would have grazed  (Luke 15:15)

An open tomb - Biblical Resources Institute, En Kerem  (John 11:41)

  1.  Jesus’s Last Journey to Jerusalem 

Roman soldiers looting the Temple after the downfall of Jerusalem in 70AD  (Luke 19:44)

Dominus Flevit Chapel, Jerusalem (Luke 19:41)

Looking across the Valley of Jehoshaphat towards the Golden Gate (Luke 19:41)

Steps leading up to the Hulda Gate of the Temple, Jerusalem (Mark 11:15)

A colonnaded portico on the Temple Mount  (Mark 11:27)

Model of Herod's Temple in 66AD at the Israel Museum

The Tomb of Absalom in the Valley of Jehoshaphat  (Matthew 23:27)

The watchtower in a vineyard  (Mark 12:1)

A silver denarius (Mark 12:16)

An alabaster jar (Mark 14:3)

Outside the Old City of Jerusalem (Mark 14:13)

An old grapevine (John 15:1)

Passover plate with haroseth and a lamb shank (Gilabrand)

Olive trees in the Garden of Gethsemane (Mark 14:32)

The Scala Sacra (Sacred Steps) leading up from the Kidron Valley (Mark 14:53)

Mosaic showing Jesus being abused at the House of Caiaphas

Convent of the Flagellation, Jerusalem (Mark 15:15)

The Stone Pavement (John 19:13)

The Hinnom Valley, Jerusalem (Matthew 27:8)

A cross at the Biblical Resources Institute, En Kerem

3rd Station of the Cross on the Via Dolorosa, Jerusalem (John 19:17)

The Garden Tomb, Jerusalem (Matthew 27:60)

An empty tomb, showing the vacant 'loculus' (Mark 16:6)

Shore of the Sea of Galilee at Mensa Christi (John 21:1)

Looking across from the Old City to the Mount of Olives (Luke 24:50)

Mosaic of Jesus giving a threefold blessing, Church of Hagia Sophia, Istanbul (Luke 24:50)

  1.  Journeys of Jesus’s Followers 

Capernaum - where Levi (Matthew) lived (Mark 2:15)

Roman hot springs at Tiberias - where Joanna lived  (Luke 8:3)

Nicodemus lived in Jerusalem  (John 3:1)

The Jewish Temple, showing the Beautiful Gate (lower centre)  (Acts 3:2)

A colonnade on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem  (Acts 5:12)

Peter blamed the Jewish council for the death of Jesus  (Acts 5:30)

Antioch in Syria (Antakya), where Nicholas lived (Acts 6:5)

St Stephen's Gate, Jerusalem (Acts 7:58)

Roman harbour at Caesarea  (Acts 8:40)

Medieval Quarter, Joppa (Acts 9:43)

Roman theatre in Caesarea  (Acts 10:24)

Pedestrianised shopping street in the Christian Quarter of
Antioch in Syria (Antakya)  (Galatians 2:11)

St Peter's Cave Church, Antioch in Syria (Antakya)  (Galatians 2:11)

  1.  Paul’s Journey to Damascus 

Remains of Roman Tarsus  (Acts 9:30)

St Paul's Well, Tarsus

Near St Stephen's Gate, Jerusalem, where Stephen was stoned to death (Acts 7:58)

Straight Street, Damascus  (Acts 9:11)  (Bernard Gagnon)

Remains of the Roman Baths in Tarsus  (Acts 9:30)

Rana Bridge & River Orontes, Antakya (Antioch in Syria)  (Acts 11:25)

  1.  Paul’s Journey to Cyprus, Pamphylia and Galatia 

The Roman port at Seleucia Pereia  (Acts 13:4)

Ruins at Roman Salamis, Cyprus  (George Groulas)

The Birth of Venus (Aphrodite), Sandro Botticelli  (Acts 13:6)

The bay near Paphos where Aphrodite was said to have emerged from the waves

St Paul's Pillar and remains of C13-14th Latin church, Paphos

Colonnaded street with central cascading pools, Perga (Acts 13:13)

Caldarium (hot pool) at the Southern Baths, Perga  (Acts 13:13)

Roman shops on the Decumanus Maximus, Antioch in Pisidia  (Acts 13:14)

Roman Aqueduct at Antioch in Pisidia  (Acts 13:43)

Shops in Downtown Konya (Iconium)  (Acts 14:1)

Mevlana Sufi Lodge, Konya (Iconium)  (Acts 14:3)

2nd Century Roman Inscription from Lystra, Konya Archaeological Museum (Acts 14:8)

Garlanded bull at Constantine's Baths, Ephesus  (Acts 14:13)

Roman shops surrounding the Forum, Perga  (Acts 14:24)

Roman city walls and harbour, Antalya (Attalia)  (Acts 14:25)

Hidirlic Tower (Roman lighthouse), Antalya (Attalia)  (Acts 14:26)

Inside a Syrian Orthodox church in Antioch in Syria  (Acts 14:27)

Paul and Barnabas attend the Council of Jerusalem  (Acts 15:4)

The village of Sille, near Konya (Iconium), in Galatia  (Acts 14:21)

  1.  Paul’s Journey to Phrygia, Macedonia and Achaia 

Paul travelled through the 'Cilician Gates'  (Acts 15:41)

Cave houses at Sille in the mountains of Galatia  (Acts 16:6)

Roman remains at Alexandria Troas (Acts 16:8)  (Horacio36)

Man from Macedonia mosaic at Veroia (Berea)  (Acts 16:9)

The harbour at Kavala (Neapolis)  (Acts 16:11)

The Via Egnatia at Philippi  (Acts 16:12)

Paul's prison at Philippi  (Acts 16:23)

Lydia's Church at Philippi  (Acts 16:13)

Shops lining the Roman agora at Philippi  (Acts 16:19)

Byzantine churches at Amphipolis  (Acts 17:1)

The Lion of Amphipolis alongside the Via Egnatia  (Acts 17:1)

Via Egnatia in Thessalonica  (Acts 17:1)

Roman Odeion at Thessalonica  (Acts 17:6)

Crypt beneath Agios Dimitrios, Thessalonica (Acts 17:2)

Mosaic showing Paul preaching at Berea  (Acts 17:11)

St Paul's Steps, Veroia (Berea)  (Acts 17:12)

The Temple of Hyphaestus in the Ancient Agora at Athens  (Acts 17:17)

The site of the Areopagus on Mars Hill, Athens  (Acts 17:19)

Roman fountain in Corinth  (Acts 18:7)

Temple of Apollo at Corinth  (Acts 18:11)

The Roman harbour at Caesarea  (Acts 18:22)

  1.  Paul’s Journey to Ephesus, Philippi and Corinth 

A restored Greek mansion in Sille, Galatia  (Acts 18:23)

The Ephesians are filled with the Holy Spirit  (Acts 19:6)

The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus  (Acts 19:27)

4th century Church of Hagia Maria, Ephesus  (Acts 19:17)

Tomb of St Luke, Ephesus  (Acts 19:22)

Cult statue of Artemis ('Diana of the Ephesians') (Acts 19:24)

The Roman Theatre from the Arcadian Way, Ephesus  (Acts 19:29)

A street in Roman Corinth  (Acts 20:3)

Roman Theatre at Philippi  (Acts 20:3)

Early Roman images of Peter and Paul, Vatican Museum, Rome

The Roman Theatre at Assos  (Acts 20:13)  (Vindobona)

The Roman harbour at Miletus  (Acts 20:15)

The Baths of Faustina at Miletus  (Acts 20:17)

The Roman Forum, Kos Town (Acts 21:1)

Aerial view of Ptolemais (Akko or Acre) (Israel Tourism)  (Acts 21:7)

Roman aqueduct at Caesarea  (Acts 21:8)

The Old City, Jerusalem (Acts 21:17)

  1.  Paul’s Journey to Rome 

The Temple Mount in Jerusalem  (Acts 21:27)

The Convent of the Flagellation on the site of the Antonia Fortress  (Acts 21:34)

Roman Theatre in Caesarea  (Acts 24:1)

Roman Aqueduct at Caesarea  (Acts 24:10)

The Roman harbour at Caesarea  (Acts 25:6)

Roman theatre at Elaiussa Sebaste - a small port in Cilicia  (Acts 27:5)

A dove from St Nicholas' Church, Myra (Acts 27:5)

The south coast of Crete near Kali Limenes  (Acts 27:7)

Roman amphorae, St Peter's Castle, Bodrum (Acts 27:18)

St Paul's Bay, Malta  (Acts 27:41)

The prison cave below St Paul's Church, Rabat  (Acts 28:10)

Temple of Castor and Pollux, Rome (on right)  (Acts 28:11)

The Forum at Rome  (Acts 28:16)

Temple of Concord (left) and Arch of Septimius Severus (centre)  (Acts 28:16)

The Senate House (left) and Temple of Antoninus and Faustina (right)  (Acts 28:23)

  1.  Paul’s letters to the believers in Galatia and Thessalonica

House at Sille, near Iconium, in Galatia

Remains of the Roman baths at Tarsus

Alive in Christ - Soul Survivor 2015  (Galatians 2:20)

Figurine from Egypt of a semitic slave, Hecht Museum, Haifa (Hanay)

William Wilberforce led the opposition to slavery in the 18th century

Official medallion of the British Anti-Slavery Society (1795)

The fruit of the Holy Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness,
faithfulness, gentleness and self-control   (Galatians 5:22)

Roman Odeion in Thessalonica

Temple of Athena, Athens

The ‘Day of the Lord’ will come unexpectedly  (1 Thess. 5:1)

"Always be joyful ... and give thanks whatever happens.”  (1 Thess 5:16)

Via Egnatia in Thessalonica

Bust of Emperor Nero at the Capitoline Museum, Rome (cjh1452000)

Paul worked as a tentmaker in the Agora at Corinth (Bgabel)

  1.  Paul’s letters to the believers in Corinth and Rome 

A street in Roman Corinth

Paul worked as a tentmaker in the Agora at Corinth during his visit in 51/52AD  (Bgabel)

"Your body is a temple for the Holy Spirit who is in you" (1 Cor 6:19)  (Bill Branson)

A happy marriage between two believers - 40 years on

Running the Race - the London Marathon

Wine and bread on a stained glass window  (Nheyob)

“The Spirit gives one person the ability to speak with wisdom..."

Teaching theology in Kenya  (Africa Inland Mission)

Worship at Soul Survivor 2015

Paul urges the wealthy Corinthian church to help the impoverished believers in Jerusalem

Roman fountain in Corinth

The Roman Market Place at Philippi

The Good News of Jesus brings light to those in the dark  (2 Cor. 4:4-6)

Paul compares a believer’s life to a tent (Soul Survivor)

Paul is writing to the Corinthian believers from Philippi in Macedonia

Paul was shipwrecked on the coast of Malta (see Acts 27:13-44)

Malaria was common on the coast of Asia Minor near Elaiussa Sebaste

The Roman Forum in Rome

Paul tells the people of Rome how to be put right with God

Abraham moved from Harran to become "the father of many nations" (Glumik)

Physical death is not the end - God gives us life for ever in Christ Jesus (Romans 6:23)

Martha Collison baking for 21hrs to protect children from trafficking  (Tearfund)

The Temple of Apollo at Corinth, where Paul wrote his Letter to the Romans

  1.  Paul’s letters to the believers in Ephesus, Colossae and Philippi 

Roman amphitheatre at Ephesus

Roman houses in Ephesus

"Do not be drunk with wine...  but be filled with the Spirit” (Ephesians 5:18) (New Wine)

Statue of Artemis from the Temple of Artemis, Ephesus

Colossae, unlike its neighbour Laodicea (above), has yet to be excavated

Paul wrote to the Colossian believers from Rome

This Roman aqueduct brought hot water from springs at Hierapolis to Laodicea

Jewish festivals were based on the lunar calendar  (NASA/Bill Ingalls)

Compassion Ministry carry out humanitarian projects and charitable work in Russia  (TEN)

Roman aqueduct at Laodicea

Paul was under house arrest in Rome

The Via Egnatia at Philippi

"Every knee will bow... and everyone will confess that Jesus Christ is Lord" (Philippians 2:10-11)

Paul says he's been put right with God through his faith in Jesus,
not by following the rules in the Jewish Torah (Willy Horst)

  1.  Paul’s letters to Timothy in Ephesus and Titus in Crete 

Paul wrote from the Mamertine prison in Rome

Paul left Timothy in charge of the young church at Ephesus

"He must be self-controlled, wise, respected by others, ready to welcome guests and able to teach..." 1 Timothy 3:2

Hadrian's Temple, Ephesus

Agios Titos Church in Heraklion

Dikti Mountain, Crete (Lathiot)

Roman Odeon at Nicopolis (Bgabel)

Hagia Maria Church, Ephesus

The Decumanus Maximus at Antioch in Pisidia

The Mamertine Prison is situated at the far left of this photo, next to the Roman Forum

Paul had left Trophimus in Miletus

  1.  The letter to the Jewish believers in Antioch 

Barnabas worked with Paul at Antioch in Syria (Antakya)

In these ‘last days’, God has spoken to us through his son  (Hebrews 1:2)

The Holy of Holies in the Jerusalem Temple  (Hebrews 4:14)

The early Jewish believers at Antioch in Syria met in a cave hollowed out of the rock face

Melchizedek was a priest and King of Jerusalem in Abraham's day  (Shmuel Spiegelman)

Bulls and goats were offered as a sacrifice

Christians can enter God’s presence at any time because of their faith in Jesus

Abraham's tomb: the cenotaph above the Cave of Machpelah at Hebron  (Eric Stoltz)

Moses spoke with God on the summit of Mt Sinai  (Mohammed Moussa)

Jesus died on the cross because of our sin

  1.  Letters from James, Jude and Peter

James chaired the Council of Jerusalem in 49/50AD

There’s no point telling people to ‘have faith’ if what they need is food and clothing.
Typhoon Haiyan - Philippines, Nov 2013   (Christian Aid)

A person’s tongue can spread evil like a forest fire... or can be used to praise God.  (James 3:5-9)

Christians suffering persecution need 'the patience of Job'  (James 5:11)

Jude wrote to Jewish Christians in the Roman province of Asia (South Western Turkey)

Pray in the power of the Holy Spirit to heal divisions during the "last days"

Peter was writing from Rome, nicknamed 'Babylon'

The risen Lord Jesus appeared to Peter on the shore of Lake Galilee

St Peter's Basilica stands on the spot where Peter was crucified in Rome

Holy Cross Church is cut into the rock face at Zelve in Cappadocia

'Living stones' - the Christian staff at Emanuel Hospice, Oradea, Romania  (TEN)

A Yörük shepherd leading his sheep in the Ala DaÄŸlar, Taurus Mountains, Turkey  (Doron)

Rome was referred to by it's nickname - 'Babylon'

The church in Laodicea was probably one of the recipients of this letter

The Dead Sea near the site of Sodom and Gomorrah  (Neukoln)

Peter and Paul had very different backgrounds and levels of education

  1.  John’s letters to the believers in Asia Minor

John lived at Capernaum, a fishing port on the Sea of Galilee

Peter and John healed a crippled man at the Beautiful Gate of the Temple

St John's Monastery, Patmos

St John's Church, Ephesus

Mars Hill, Athens, where the Areopagus met

"Whoever loves a brother or sister lives in the light" (1 John 2:10)  (World Vision)

John tells believers that "the end times" have already begun

Believers filled with the Holy Spirit have eternal life and understand the truth

John urges Christians to help each other in practical ways  (Mission Aviation Fellowship)

Christian baptism is one of the three identifying features of a believer  (Jesus Army)

St John's Church, Ephesus

An early Christian baptistry amongst the Roman shops
at Sardis - one of the churches John wrote to in Asia Minor

  1.  John’s Revelation to the Seven Churches of Asia Minor 

Roman gateway at Ephesus  (Revelation 1:4)

View across Skala from St John's Monastery. Patmos  (Revelation 1:9)

Roman houses in Ephesus  (Revelation 2:1)

Roman agora at Smyrna  (Revelation 2:8)

Temple of Trajan, Pergamum  (Revelation 2:12)

Healing pool at Pergamum Asklepion  (Revelation 2:13)

Roman remains at Thyatira  (Revelation 2:18)

2nd century Jewish synagogue at Sardis  (Revelation 3:1)

4th century Byzantine chapel inside the Temple of Artemis, Sardis  (Revelation: 3:4)

6th century cathedral church of St John, Philadelphia  (Revelation 3:7)

Aqueduct bringing hot water from Hierapolis to Laodicea  (Revelation 3:15)

Syria Street, Laodicea  (Revelation 3:18)

St Philip's Martyrion, Hierapolis (Colossians 4:13)

Tomb of St Luke with a cross above a bull, Ephesus  (Revelation 4:7)

The Cathedral church of St Michael, Coventry  (Revelation 12:7)

The Forum at Rome  (Revelation 14:8)

Excavations at Tel Megiddo  (Revelation 16:16)

Temple of Antoninus & Faustina, Rome  (Revelation 17:5)

An open tomb at the Biblical Research Centre, En Kerem  (Revelation 20:5)

The dead are judged according to their faith & deeds  (Revelation 20:12)

The city walls of Jerusalem  (Revelation 21:12)

The Alpha & the Omega, Church of all Nations, Jerusalem  (Revelation 22:13)

  1.  The Romano-Jewish World of the New Testament

Roman shops beside the Forum, Antioch in Pisidia

The Temple Mount, Jerusalem

Roman harbour at Caesarea Maritima

The Colisseum amphitheatre in Rome

Images on Titus's Arch showing the looting of the Temple in 70AD

Hadrian's Temple, Ephesus

Part of the Pavement at the Antonia Fortress, Jerusalem

2nd century Jewish synagogue at Sardis

Judaean desert at Qumran

The Plain of Philippi, Macedonia

Straight Street in Damascus, Syria  (Bernard Gagnon)

Temple of Hyphaestus, Athens

Paul visited Perga on his 1st Missionary Journey  (Acts 13:13)

Jesus grew up in Nazareth (Luke 1:26)

A Roman silver denarius

Desert beside the road from Jerusalem to Jericho

View from the rampart of Herod's palace at Masada

Roman theatre at Caesarea

River Jordan at Caesaea Philippi

Spoils from the Jerusalem Temple shown on Titus's Arch in Rome

St Peter's Basilica, Rome

The Star of Bethlehem beneath the Church of the Nativity

Jerusalem was the site of the Council of Jerusalem in 49/50 AD

The church of Hagia Maria in Ephesus was the site of the 3rd Ecumenical Council

       22.     The World of the Old Testament Journeys

The hill country of Palestine straddled the route from Egypt to Mesopotamia

The fortress at Megiddo guarded a strategic routeway

The River Jordan flows from these springs at Banias

Stables at Megiddo housed the horses for King Solomon's war chariots

The Lindisfarne Gospels - an early English Bible

A Canaanite altar at Megiddo

A Torah scroll containing the Law of Moses (Willy Horst)

There are two accounts of Creation in Genesis 1 & 2

Cartouche of Pharaoh Ramesses II on a column at Karnak Temple

   23. The Journeys of Adam, Enoch, Noah and Abraham

A spring in the Judaean Desert near Masada

Remains of Eridu, Iraq (Ltybcc1, Wikimedia Commons)

Tablet from the Royal Library of Nineveh relating the Gilgamesh Epic

Kohr Virap Monastery and Mount Ararat (Andrew Behesnilian)

Queen Pu-abi's gold pendant from the Royal Tombs of Ur

Traditional bee-hive shaped houses at Harran  (Glumik)

Tel Balata (middle left), the site of Shechem, in modern-day Nablus (עדירל)

Joseph's tomb at Shechem (Nablus) (עדירל)

Judaean hill country near Bethel

The Dead Sea near the site of Sodom and Gomorrah  (Neukoln)

A salt-covered rock beside the Dead Sea  (xta11)

Abraham's Well at Beersheba  (Daniel Baránek)

Mosaic showing Abraham's sacrifice

The Tomb of the Patriarchs at Machpelah Cave, Hebron  (Daniel)

Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Monastery, Hebron  (Copper Kettle)

Abraham's tomb - cenotaph above the Cave of Machpelah, Hebron (Eric Stoltz)

Tomb of the Patriarchs, Hebron (Zairon)

   24. The Journeys of Isaac, Jacob and Joseph

Beit Hanegbi in the Old City of Beersheba  (B Aswim)

Aerial view of 21st century Beersheba  (Amos Meron)

Traditional beehive houses at Haran (Zhengan)

The site of Luz (Bethel) in the Judaean Hills  (Pessimist2006)

Hills of Gilead (David Bjorgen)

Valley of the Zarqa River, Jordan (Jim Greenhill)

A ford on the River Jabbok  (Dr.Meierhofer)

Joseph's Tomb at Shechem (Nablus) (עדירל)

The site of Bethel (Pessimist2006)

Stones on Jewish graves on the Mount of Olives, Jerusalem

Tel Dothan, where Joseph was sold as a slave (Daniel Ventura)

A fertile smallholding beside the River Nile

Pyramids at Giza

The River Nile at Aswan

Fertile land in the Nile valley

Tomb of the Patriarchs at Hebron (Antoine Taveneaux)

   25. The Israelites' Journey from Egypt to Mount Sinai

A figurine from Egypt depicting a semitic slave (Hecht Museum, Haifa)

The River Nile near Luxor

Midian was situated in the Sinai Peninsula (centre of photo) near the Gulf of Aqaba  (NASA)

View from the summit of Mount Sinai  (Mohammed Moussa)

St Catherine's Monastery in the Sinai desert  (Mohammed Moussa)

Sunrise at Mount Sinai  (Mabdalla)

The River Nile turned red and frogs left the polluted river

Egypt was plagued by death: The Necropolis at Giza  (Yasser Nazmi)

A hand-made matzo (unleavened bread)  (Yoninah)

The Eastern Desert of Egypt near Etham

The Great Bitter Lake near Ismalia  (NASA)

The Suez Canal (NASA) The Israelites crossed the Reed Sea (Hebrew: Yam-suf) between the
Bitter Lakes and the Gulf of Suez (near bottom of photo)

Desert in the Sinai Peninsula

Gebel Mousa - the 'Mountain of Moses'  (Muhammed Moussa)

A decalogue parchment by Jekuthiel Sofer (1768) with the Ten Commandments in Hebrew, displayed at the Bibliotheca Rosenthaliana in Amsterdam

A 14th century German Haggadah with the traditional text used for celebrating Passover

Replica of the Temple menorah (The Temple Institute, Jerusalem)

An Egyptian sacred ark carried on wooden poles, similar in style to the Ark of the Covenant (Temple of Horus, Edfu, Egypt)

Chapel of the Ark of the Covenant at Aksum, Ethiopia  (Adam Cohn)

Greek Orthodox Chapel at the summit of Mount Sinai  (Mohammed Moussa)

Greek Orthodox Chapel at the top of Mt Sinai  (Mcstafford)

The Sinai Desert from the summit of Mt Sinai  (Ian Sewell)

 26. The Journey continues from Sinai to Moab

The spies travelled as far as the Central Highlands of Galilee

The first attempt to invade Canaan fails

The Arif makhtesh, a valley in the Negev Desert  (Wilson)

Ein Avdat, an oasis in the Zin Valley of the Negev Desert  (Andrew Shiva)

Shrine on the summit of Jabal Harun (Mt Aaron) near Petra  (Joneikifi)

The reconstructed western gate at Tel Arad  (Acer 11)

Bronze Serpent monument on Mt Nebo  (Jerzy Strzelecki)

Limestone gorge of the River Zered  (Kerem bm)

The Wadi Mujib (River Arnon) cuts through the Mountains of Moab  (Effi Schweizer)

Remains of Dhiban, the capital of ancient Moab  (B Porter)

Valley of the River Jabbok (Jim Greenhill)

View towards the Plains of Moab from Mt Nebo  (Effi Schweizer)

Mount Nebo, where Moses looked out across the 'promised land'  (Berthold Werner)

The 'seven fruits' represented a 'perfect' land of plenty

An olive press at Ancient Qasrin

Chapel on the summit of Mt Nebo  (Tom Neys)

6th century mosaic in the Church of Mt Nebo  (Jerzy Strzelecki)

  27.  The Israelites move into Canaan

The River Jordan in spring (Beivushtang)

The site of Ancient Jericho at Tell es-Sultan  (Fullo88)

Remains of Ancient Jericho at Tell es-Sultan  (Abraham Sobkowski)

Mt Ebal looking across the Vale of Shechem to Mt Gerizim  (Someone35)

Al Jib, the site of Gibeon  (יעקב )

Samuel 's Tomb (Nebi Samwil) at Mizpah, near Gibeon  (Tamarah)

Remains of the Main Gate at Lachish  (Wilson 44691)

Archaeological remains at Tel Rumeida, Hebron  (Eman)

Remains of the Citadel at Hazor  (Qasinka)

The Solomonic Gateway at Tel Hazor  (האיל הניאוליתי.)

Israelite Gateway at Tel Dan (Adrianlw)

Stone steles at Gezer  (הניאוליתי)

Remains at Beth Shemesh ( ×™×©×™ טייכר )

The hill country of Ephraim

 28. The Israelites face continuing opposition 

Canaanite altar at Megiddo

A ford across the River Jordan at Kfar Hanasi  (Beivushtang)

Looking across the Vale of Jezreel towards Mount Tabor  (Eliot)

Mount Tabor rises above the Kishon Valley  (Eliot)

Remains of the fortress at Afula  (Deror_avi)

The Jezreel Valley from Megiddo  (Joe Freeman)

Mount Gilboa  (Beivushtang)

The Vale of Shechem and Mt Gerizim from Mt Ebal  (Someone35)

Tel Shechem from Mt Gerizim ( עדירל )

Remains of an Ammonite watch tower in Amman  (Ldud)

Remains of the Philistine city of Ashkelon  (Abraham)

Philistine gateway and defensive walls at Ashkelon  (Bukvoed)

Gaza is situated on the Mediterranean coast  (Ramez Habboub)

The hill country of Ephraim

View from the ruins of Dan  (buzzard525)

View across East Jerusalem from the site of Gibeah  (Judae1)

Semi-arid land bordering the Wadi Musa near Petra in Jordan  (Mappo)

 29. The Journeys of Ruth and Samuel 

View overlooking Bethlehem  (Maysa Al Shaer)

Shiloh from Eli  ( ×¢×“ירל )

Star of David on the mosaic floor of the Byzantine basilica at Shiloh (zeevveez)

Ottoman Fortress on the site of Aphek  (Oren Rozen)

Archaeological remains at Ashdod Yam  (Ori)

Aerial view of Ashdod Marina  (Amos Meron)

A reconstructed Philistine house at Revadim (Ekron)  ( ×¢×“ירל )

Philistine pottery drinking bowl from Tel Mikne  (Hanay)

Looking east along the Sorek valley from Beth Shemesh  (Ian Scott)

Abu Ghosh, the site of Kiriath Jearim  (Hanay)

Samuel's tomb at Mizpah (Tamarah)

Al-Ram, the site of Ramah  (Soman)

 30.  Israel becomes a kingdom under Saul and David 

The entrance to Rachel's Tomb  ( אירית לוי  ) 

Standing stones at Gezer   (הניאוליתי)

A mountain pass in Israel   (lehava beer sheva)

The Elah Valley near Beth Shemesh   (Ricardo Tulio Gandelman)

Adullam, where David hid from Saul  (Davidbena)

Wild Goat Crags and the springs at En Gedi

Samuel's Tomb at Mizpah  (Tamarah)

The Judaean Wilderness near Beit Meir  (Daniel Ventura)

Mount Gilboa and the Jezreel Valley  (Beivushtang)

Roman remains at Beth Shean

Tomb of the Patriarchs at Hebron  (Antoine Taveneaux)

The River Jabbok near Mahanaim   (Dr Meierhofer)

Jebusite wall at the City of David  (Deror avi)

Warren's Shaft, City of David  (Deror avi)

The Ark of the Covenant being pulled on a cart - sculpture at Capernaum

Temple of Hercules at Rabbath-Amman citadel  (Dennis Jarvis)

A letter in Akkadian script from Tell Amarna

View from the Citadel of Rabbath Ammon  (Jean Housen)

Remains of ancient city wall at Hebron  (Eman)

River Jabbok near Mahanaim  (Dr Meierhofer)

'Absalom's Tomb' in the Kidron Valley, Jerusalem

Archaeological remains at Tel Zafit - the site of Gath  (Ori)

The Temple in Jerusalem was built on Mount Moriah

  31.  The Golden Age of Israel under King Solomon

The Lower Kidron Valley looking from the Gihon Spring towards En Rogel

View towards Jerusalem from the site of Gibeah

The fishing harbour at Tyre (Heretiq)

The Temple Mount in Jerusalem

A Jewish ceremonial washing stand in the 2nd century AD synagogue at Sardis

King Solomon's Pillars, Timna Park  (Little Savage)

Mount Sinai, where Moses saw the glory of the Lord  (Mohammed Moussa)

The site of Hazor from the air ( אסף.צ  )

Entrance to the underground water system at Gezer  ( ×“"ר אבישי טייכר  )

Aqaba (Ezion Geber) from the sea  (Gérard Janot)

Roman remains at Tyre (Tarshish)  (Heretiq)

Ark of the Covenant church at Axum, Ethiopia  (Adam Cohn)

Ancient Ma'rib, capital of the Sabaean kingdom of Yemen  (Bernard Gagnon)

King Solomon's stables at Megiddo

Solomonic gateway at Megiddo

The Mount of Olives, Jerusalem

The Valley of Hinnom, Jerusalem, where children were sacrificed to Molech

Ramesses II at Kadesh - relief at Abu Simbel

The Treaty of Kadesh on a cuneiform tablet in the Archaeology Museum, Istanbul

   32. The Divided Kingdom & Journey into Exile 

The River Jabbok near the site of Penuel   (Dr.Meierhofer)

Image of Pharaoh Ramesses II at Karnak Temple

Pharaoh Shoshenk I's 'victory list' is inscribed on this wall at Karnak Temple

Elementary school at Al-Jiftlik near the site of Tirzah  (Guillaume Paumier)

Shomron National Park - the site of Samaria  (Bukvoed)

Remains of Herod's Temple at Shomron National Park  (Bukvoed)

An ancient stone altar on Mount Carmel

View towards the Mediterranean Sea from Mount Carmel  (Hanay)

The Citadel Wall at Damascus  (Steven Damron)

Inside the Citadel at Damascus  (Mewes)

A reconstructed vineyard watchtower at Neot Kedumim

View across the Jezreel Valley from Tel Yizre'el  (Daniel Ventura)

Tell Mar Elias (Elijah's Hill) near Bethany beyond the Jordan

Mesha Stele in the Louvre Museum

Ancient remains at the site of Samaria (Bukvoed)

View across the Jezreel Valley from Tel Yisre'el   ( צילום: אילנה שקולניק - Ilana Shkolnik)

Israeli tribute bearers on the Black Obelisk of Shalmaneser III

Plan of Solomon's Temple drawn in 1905  (Internet Archive Book Images)

Pharaoh Shoshenk's victory list at Karnak Temple

Israel from the International Space Station  (NASA)

Assyrian slingers in action at the siege of Lachish  (British Museum)

The capture of Astartu by Tiglath-Pileser III  (British Museum)

Assyrians attack a town with archers and a wheeled battering ram  (British Museum)

Remains of ancient Samaria (Bukvoed)

  33.   Judah after the Fall of Israel 

King Sargon II of Assyria (on the left)  (British Museum)

The Bronze Serpent monument on Mt Nebo  (Jerzy Strzelecki)

The entrance to Hezekiah's Tunnel

Assyrian archers and a battering ram at the siege of Lachish

The Assyrian King Sennacherib on his throne

Torah scroll containing the Law of Moses   (Willy Horst)

The Vale of Jezreel, near Megiddo, where King Josiah died

Excavations at Carchemish in 1910

Gaza from the sea (Ramez Habboub)

Ruins of Ancient Babylon  (Arlo Abrahamson)

Babylonian Chronicle for the years 605-594 BC   (British Museum)

Lions on the Ishtar Gate of Babylon at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin (Bontenbal)

The Ishtar Gate of Babylon reconstructed in the Pergamon Museum, Berlin (Hahaha)

 34.  Judah in exile in Babylonia

Part of Nehemiah's Wall at the City of David, Jerusalem

A Babylonian map of Mesopotamia in the British Museum

The Lion of Babylon  (SDASM Archives)

A pacing lion - detail from the Ishtar Gate, Babylon (Jastrow)

The 'writing on the wall' from Speculum Humanae Salvationis, 1360.  (ULB Darmstadt)

The Cyrus Cylinder records the victory of the Persians over the Babylonians

Cylindrical seal showing Darius in a chariot shooting arrows at a lion (British Museum)

A Persian Official on a relief from the Palace of Darius at Persepolis (British Museum)

A relief showing Alexander the Great at the Archaeological Museum in Istanbul

Gold armlets from Darius's Palace at Persepolis (British Museum)

Temple of Olympian Zeus in Athens  (A.Savin)

 35. The Exiles return to Judah

The Jaffa Gate in Jerusalem  (Herwig Reidlinger)

An alleyway in Old Joppa (Jaffa)

Model of the Second Temple at the Israel Museum in Jerusalem

A reconstructed 4-horned altar at Tel Be'er Sheva (gugganij)

The Euphrates River in Babylonia  (James McCauley)

Nehemiah's wall at the City of David

The walls of Jerusalem and the Tower of Phasael  (EdoM)

Sefer Torah at Glockengasse Synagogue, Cologne  (Willy Horst)

Herod's Gate, Jerusalem  (Herwig Reidlinger)

Archers' frieze from Darius I's Palace at Susa  (Louvre Museum, Paris)

A Persian gold bracelet with horned & winged griffins  (British Museum)

Lion on a decorative panel from Darius I's Palace at Susa (Louvre Mueum)  (Jastrow)

Purim performance at the Jewish Theatre in Warszawa, Poland  (Kotoviski)

 36. Songs, Prayers & Memorable Sayings

The psalms were originally written on parchment scrolls  (Willy Horst)

Many psalms were sung by Jewish pilgrims going up to Jerusalem

"I look at your heavens, which you made with your fingers"  (Psalm 8:3)

"He leads me to calm water"  (Psalm 23:2)

"Praise the LORD on the harp"  (Psalm 33:2)

"Mount Zion is like the high mountains of the north" (Psalm 48:2)  (Andrew Behesnilian)

“This is the LORD's gate" (Psalm 118:20)  (Herwig Reidlinger)

“By the rivers in Babylon we sat and cried" (Psalm 137:1)  (Jayel Aheram)

Jabel Atherb, Saudi Arabia  (Zahiralbarqi)

A market in Tel Aviv, Israel  (Jayne & Thomas Patrick)

Spices for sale at Akko (Acre) market, Israel  (Sheri Oz)

“The LORD is like a strong tower" (Proverbs 18:10)  - Tower of Phasael, Jerusalem (EdoM)

Eyes of Hunger, Cap-Haitien, Haiti  (Alex Proimos)

 37. The Philosopher, the Lover & the Mourner

Gateway built by King Solomon at Megiddo

"There is a time to be born ... ( Solangg )

... and a time to die." (Peter van der Sluijs)

Hurricane Katrina August 28 2005  (NASA)

The Song of Songs is a series of love poems shared by a couple  (Bill Branson)

Valley of the Goats at En Gedi   ( Ziko van Dijk )

"Blossoms appear through all the land." (Songs 2:12)   (mattbuck)

The Hula Valley and Mount Hermon (Beivushtang)

"Let's go to the vineyards and see if the buds are on the vines" (Songs 7:12)   (Yair Aronshtam)

Remains of the Pool of Bethesda, Jerusalem

Sunrise over Biwa Lake, Honshu  (A-giâu)

 38. Amos, Hosea & Micah criticize Israel & Judah

View of Herodium from Tekoa  (Betty Nudler)

Excavated remains of Philistine Ashdod   (Ori)

Tel Be'er Sheva archaeological site   (gugganij)

Remains of Samaria - the ancient capital of Israel  (Bukvoed)

A Stele of Baal with a thunderbolt in the Louvre Museum, Paris  (Marie-Lan Nguyen)

Assyrian archers  (British Museum)

The Shephelah (Judean foothills) near Moresheth  (Ilana Shkolnik)

Bethlehem Ephrathah, King David's birthplace  (Maysa Al Shaer)

Jerusalem - The Old City  (Shmuel Spiegelman)

 39. Isaiah predicts the fall of Israel and Judah


 40. Isaiah offers comfort to those in exile


 41. Jonah goes to Nineveh & Nahum condemns it


 42. Jeremiah warns of the destruction of Jerusalem


 43. Zephaniah & Habakkuk foretell Judah's fall


 44. Ezekiel warns of the conquest of Jerusalem


 45. Obadiah foretells the punishment of Edom


 46. Haggai & Zechariah encourage re-building


 47. Malachi & Joel await the Day of the LORD


 48. The Jewish World of the Old Testament


 49. Judaism and Christianity compared


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